Stained Concrete: Water-based and Acid-based Stains?
Staining is today the most popular flooring solution to enhance the look of any commercial or industrial concrete floor. Stained concrete has become so popular because they are durable, beautiful and easy to clean.
Stained concrete combines form and function. It is the coating system to use if you want to achieve a particular look. It is available in a wide range of colors and patterns making it a versatile flooring option. It can create any imaginable colors, custom graphics and bold design accents to suit any taste, style and budget for commercial and industrial applications.
Acid concrete stains applied over polished concrete floors will create a deep marbling look with colors that can only be achieved by this medium and at a fraction of the cost of real marble and stone. Acid stain colors applied even on most existing concrete surface are permanent and flake-proof.
Types of Stains
In choosing a concrete stain for flooring projects there are some factors that come into play: the concrete itself, environment and the desired color.
Stains can offer a variety of finishes. A single stain or combining stains can create the look you desire for your concrete floor. Depending on the look you want to achieve you can choose from between water-based stains an acid-based chemical stains.
- Water-based stains
Water-based stains are often the most common choice because they come in a wide range of color hues and are easy to apply. They also work well on old and existing concrete. Water-based stains use a non-reactive process where polymers and pigments are added to water or acetone to create a specific color.
These stains create straight colors that are predictable. Applying this type of stains also creates a uniform look. As you are applying different coats on the concrete surface, these stains can be diluted in water to make some areas lighter or darker.
The range of the color palette of water-based stains is wider than what metallic salts can achieve.
- Acid-based chemical stains
Acid-based stains penetrate and form a chemical reaction with concrete to create a wide range of natural colors. Color hues of acid based stains are however limited to earth tones (brown, tan, soft blue-greens and terra cotta) because the process uses metallic salts for coloring.
Applying acid-based stains result in an uneven surface creating mottled effects similar in appearance to granite or marble. These types of stains do not fade even when exposed to UV rays. They do not peel off, too.
While more and more commercial and industrial contractors are opting for water-based stains because they are easier to work with, there still are many clients who opt for acid based stains because of their more natural, rustic and traditional look.
Stains work well with existing or new concrete floors. Concrete stains produce permanent and fade-resistant colors because they penetrate deep into the concrete surface.
Benefits of Stained Concrete
- Stained concrete is a popular choice for commercial and industrial applications because of their practical benefits:
- Durable enough not to peel chip or fade.
- Transforms a dull concrete slab into an aesthetically appealing and luxurious floor mimicking the more expensive options such as stone or marble flooring.
- Creates a smooth surface that is easy to clean and requires very little maintenance thus creating a cost effective flooring solution for large areas such as commercial buildings and industrial plants.
- It does not trap mold, dust and allergens thus improving the air quality in any commercial or industrial building.
Stained concrete gives floors an aesthetically appealing and professional look making it a popular flooring option for a number of industrial and commercial spaces including:
- Manufacturing plants
- Pharmaceutical laboratories
- Hospitals and Clinics
- Buildings and Offices
- Retail stores and Malls
- Restaurants and Hotels
- Commercial and Industrial Kitchens
- Car Showrooms
- Schools, Colleges and Universities
Many business owners have turned to stained concrete because of its aesthetic appeal and durability, not to mention the ease in cleaning and maintaining such floors.
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